After exploring the interior of the main chambers, I came across another highlight of Mnajdra. During excavations on the perimeter of the complex, a stone was found with 6 lines of regular holes bored into it. From my position the lines were hard to spot at first (the area was under conservation work) - but easy to find once I knew what I was looking for. Dubbed ‘the Calendar Stone’, archaeologists believe this block was used to make astronomical observations. It appears that the holes were drilled in an attempt to track months, years and even times between moon phases; the reason for which is still unknown.
I finished my visit to Mnadjra and Ħaġar Qim amazed by the level of thought and planning required to build both. I realised though that despite spending the day at both sites, I was leaving with more questions than answers; a byproduct of a society that left no texts to explain their beliefs. Perhaps I had missed some vital clue along the way, which could only have been relayed to me by a guide. Of course, a visit without an expert is still possible, but I would have really appreciated the local knowledge to make the experience that bit more special!
Thankfully, all guests on our Malta Explorer tour have the opportunity to explore Ħaġar Qim and Mnajdra with a qualified guide:click here to find out more.