Drive to Tongxin, visiting its Great Mosque. Continue on to Wangtuan, where you will experience the Hui Islamic culture and taste local cuisine. Later, travel to see the ancient grottoes of Xumi Shan. Overnight in XXX.
Meal plan: Breakfast & lunch
The Xumi Shan are Buddhist cave temples that were built on the edge of Mount Xumi between the fifth and tenth century. The site can be divided into five sites - Dafo Tower, Zisun Palace, Yuanguan Temple, Xiangguo Temple and Taohua Cave. It is thought that these grottoes once housed monks, inside each is a collection of wall paintings, inscriptions and statues. The iconic feature of the site is the 65 foot stone carving of Buddha.
Tongxin Great Mosque, or Qingzhen Mosque, is the oldest and largest mosque in Ningxia. Dating back to the 14th century, it presents a unique example of Ming and Qing era Islamic architecture. Despite being a mosque it looks more Han in architectural style but with Islamic decoration, which may have helped it survive the Cultural Revolution unlike the majority of mosques that existed in China before this period.
The Hui people are an ethnic group in China who, although ethnically and linguistically indistinguishable from Han Chinese, are followers of Islam. Hui communities can be found across China, but are especially concentrated in Northwestern provinces of the country, especially Ningxia. The Hui people follow Islamic practice, including dietary laws, which has led to the creation of distinctive cultural characteristics - setting them apart from Han Chinese communities. Despite these differences the Hui are one of China's best integrated and most successful minority groups.