This morning you will have a city tour of Brest, including the Brest Fortress before heading to Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, visit the Museum of Nature and the Brest Museum of Railway Equipment. Overnight in Brest.
Meal plan: Breakfast
Brest Museum of Railway Equipment is a technical museum that is dedicated to the equipment of railway transport through many different periods of history. This open-air museum first opened in 2002, and includes exhibitions of locomotives from various eras - dating from pre-war generations to wartime and postwar generations.
The traditional 'western gate' of Belarus, Brest is a calm city with a long and complex history. Owned by different countries throughout several periods, it finally became a part of modern Belarus following the disintegration of the Soviet Union. As a result, its culture has strong influences from central and eastern Europe. The famous Sovetskaya Street and its boulevards are perfect for promenading, whilst the city’s main attraction is the Brest fortress.
The 19th-century UNESCO-listed Brest Fortress defended the country against the Nazis in WWII. Only a handful of men survived the attacks, but the heroism of the defenders inspired citizens all over the USSR. In 1965, the fortress gained the title of 'Hero-Fortress'. Today it is a war memorial complex and a great place of national grief and pride.
Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is one of the largest remaining parts of an immense primeval forest which once stretched across the European Plain. After suffering the effects of the Napoleonic and world wars, the land was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. It is famous for ancient oak trees, some of which are more than 500 years old. In fact, the park recently celebrated its 600th anniversary! The park's flora and fauna is incredibly diverse, with almost 900 species of trees and flowers and around 200 bird species, including the eagle owl and white stork. There are also around 60 mammal species of mammals, including lynx, roaming elk and the European bison, a symbol of Belarus.
The Museum of Nature in Bialowieza Forest was created to teach visitors more about the historical and natural life of the National Reserve. The collection within the museum includes Russian iconography that dates back to the 16th century. Showrooms are dedicated to recreating the four seasons, which each depict the distinctive features of the local environment at various times of year. Whilst visitors can also learn about the life that was once led by forest dwellers.