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Archaeology of Serbia

Follow in the footsteps of countless invaders

Intro

Delve into this ancient country, discovering prehistoric sites, Roman settlements, Byzantine fortifications and Orthodox monasteries. Explore Nis, the homeland of Constantine the Great, with numerous archaeological sites illuminating the importance of the area within the Roman Empire. Overnight in Studenica, one of Serbia’s UNESCO World Heritage monasteries and discover the country's long religious history. Follow the path of countless invaders, along the majestic Danube, passing castles, fortresses and medieval towns.

Highlights

· Explore Belgrade`s fortresses and ancient quarters

· Follow along the Danube`s Roman sites

· Serbia`s ancient yet vibrant Orthodox monasteries and churches

· Ghoulish Skull Tower of Nis, the birthplace of Constantine The Great

· Discover the rustic wine cellars of Rajac

· The oldest church in Serbia, St Peter's Church

Intro

· 14-Sep-2014 to 21-Sep-2014

· 23-May-2015 to 30-May-2015

· 13-Sep-2015 to 20-Sep-2015

For alternate dates or private trips please contact us

What's included

  • Airport pick-up & drop-off
  • Ground transport
  • Accommodation
  • Entrance fees to sites
  • Breakfasts and some meals (refer to itinerary for meal plan)
  • Drivers and guides
  • Climate Care contribution
  • Places visited
    • Belgrade
    • Krusedol Monastery
    • Petrovaradin
    • Sirmium
    • Viminacium
    • Rajac
    • Gamzigrad
    • Nis
    • Zica Monastery
    • Studenica Monastery
    • Sopocani Monastery
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    Itinerary

    Day 1

    On arrival in Belgrade you will be met at the airport and transferred to your hotel in the city. Meals: N/A

    Day 2

    All day sightseeing tour in Belgrade. Overnight in Belgrade. Meals: BD

    Day 3

    In the morning you will drive north to see Krusedol, Patriarch's Palace the Cathedral. Stop to visit Petrovardin before a tour of Novi Sad. Visit Sirmium, before returning to Belgrade for the night. Meals: B

    Day 4

    Visit Smederevo before arriving to Viminacium. Next you will visit Golubac and Lepinski Vir. Overnight in Kladavo. Meals: B

    Day 5

    Visit Rajac, ruins of Gamzigrad and Zajecar. Overnight in Nis. Meals: B


    For full itinerary, click on one of the links below

    Highlights

    · Explore Belgrade`s fortresses and ancient quarters

    · Follow along the Danube`s Roman sites

    · Serbia`s ancient yet vibrant Orthodox monasteries and churches

    · Ghoulish Skull Tower of Nis, the birthplace of Constantine The Great

    · Discover the rustic wine cellars of Rajac

    · The oldest church in Serbia, St Peter's Church



    Other tours
    Itinerary

    Day 1

    On arrival in Belgrade you will be met at the airport and transferred to your hotel in the city. Meals: N/A

    Day 2

    City tour of Belgrade taking in Vinca, Zemun, the old Gardos Tower and the Memorial Complex of Josip Broz Tito, the legendary president of Former Yugoslavia. End the day with a visit to the fortress of Kalemegdan. Overnight in Belgrade. Meals: BD

    Belgrade has been the capital of Serbia since 1403, when Despot Stefan, son of Prince Lazar, moved his palace here. The city is full of sights including the new St. Sava Church. This is the third largest Orthodox Church in Europe, built at the place where in 1594 Sinan Pasha had the holy relics of St. Sava burned on the stake. The fortress of Kalemegdan, which is the symbol of Belgrade, is where the River Sava flows into the Danube. The visit to the fort will start with the Upper fortress area. It includes well-preserved artillery structures dating from the mid-18th century, as well as a medieval fortification - an acropolis with original or partly reconstructed ramparts, gateways, towers and the excavated ruins of a 15th century castle. A few Turkish monuments and some ancient Roman remains also lie in this area. In this section of the fortification complex you’ll see the elegant 18th century Baroque Clock Tower and the Roman Well. Our tour of the Eastern Ward includes the Rose Church of Our Lady, along with a panoramic view of the Lower fortress and its monuments - the Nebojsa Tower, the Baroque Gate of Karl VI and the remains of the medieval metropolitan palace.

    Day 3

    This morning you will drive north to see Krusedol monastery and the Patriarch's Palace, as well as the Cathedral from the mid-18th century. You stop to visit the famous fortress of Petrovaradin before a walking tour of Novi Sad. Finally you will visit archaeological site of Sirmium, before returning to Belgrade for the night. Meals: B

    As a Roman settlement, Sirmium developed very rapidly and in the period of the Flavian dynasty the town was granted the status of a colony. Several rulers, such as Marcus Aurelius, Septimius Severus and Maximinus visited Sirmium. Its importance was elevated when the Illyrian Caesars, born near Sirmium, came to the throne of the Roman Empire. In 294, it was made one of the capitals of the Empire. A military fortress in the beginning, Sirmium was transformed into an opulent and luxurious imperial residence, with the institutions accompanying the Roman administrative apparatus as well as the economical, religious and cultural life.

    Petrovaradin is an Austrian artillery fortification is situated above the river and represents the second largest structure of its kind preserved in Europe. Built by Austrians at the spot of former Roman, Byzantine and Hungarian settlements, the fortress plays a very important role in life of the town even today, as many cultural events are organized there.

    Day 4

    First you will visit Smederevo before arriving in Viminacium which was once a capital of Roman Province Moesia Superior. Next you will arrive at Golubac, one of the best preserved medieval towns in Serbia. A short drive down the Danube will take you to Lepenski Vir. Overnight in your hotel in Kladavo. Meals: B

    Viminacium was a very important military camp in the 1st and 2nd centuries, housing Legio VII Claudia & IV Flavia. It had the status of “Municipium” in II century during the ruling of Imperator Hadrian and status of “Colony” in III century during the ruling of Imperator Septimius Severus. Dated to 6000 years BC, Lepenski Vir is the settlement of one of the oldest Neolithic civilization in Europe and a whole era was named after this site. In mythology, it is said to have been founded by Noah’s son after the great flood. The intricate architecture and sculptures are evidence of the advanced culture and religion of the early Europeans that lived here.

    Day 5

    Today you will visit the village of Rajac before arriving in the ruins of Gamzigrad including the Felix Romuliana temple. You will also visit the museum in Zajecar. In the evening you will check into your hotel in Nis. Meals: B

    The wine cellar village of Rajacka Pimnice, near the village of Rajac, consists of 270 stone and wood cellars built between 1750 and 1930. Far off the tourist map, this quaint village is a fantastic opportunity to taste (and buy) the delicious local wine, eat traditional regional food and meet the friendly locals, who are not averse to a glass or two themselves! For those inclined to explore further, Rajac’s unique 3rd century graveyard with its highly unusual gravestones is also worth a visit.

    The Roman site of Gamzigrad & Felix Romuliana is a palace and memorial complex dating from the late 3rd century. It was commissioned by the Roman Emperor Caius Galerius Maximianus as his Imperial Palace. There have been no attempts to rebuild or replicate any of the buildings, other than to conserve the ruins at their current level, making this site famous for its authenticity and integrity.

    Day 6

    Today you will explore Nis including the Nis Fortress. You will visit the Mediana Palace before continuing your journey through Western Serbia and (time permitted) pay a visit to Zica, a 13th Century monastery. In the evening you will be taken to your overnight accommodation in the Studenica Monastery. Meals: B

    Nis is most famous for being the birthplace of Constantine the Great. It is situated in the Nisava valley, near the Juzna Morava River, an ancient route along which people, goods and armies moved. Known as the 'Constantinople road' in the Middle Ages, these roads still represent major European traffic arteries. Nis is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans, and has long been a gateway between the East and the West. There is archaeological evidence that Nis was inhabited even in prehistoric times.

    At the beginning of the 19th century the Serbian state attempted to liberate Nis from the Turks. After a whole day of fighting the Turks overpowered them - the Serbs losing three thousand soldiers and the Turks nearly twice this number. After the battle, the skulls of the dead Serbian soldiers were built into a tower, called The Skull Tower, on the route to Constantinople. It was built out of 952 skulls of the Serbian heroes as a warning from the Turks against future uprising. In 1892, a chapel was built over it, which now protects the 58 remaining skulls. Skull Tower is a unique monument in the world, and it faithfully depicts the true nature of the Turkish crimes against the Serbian people.

    Zica Monastery is close to the town of Kraljevo, founded by the Serbian King Stefan "the First-Crowned" at the beginning of the 13th century. Its Church of the Ascension served as the first see of the independent Serbian Archbishopric and played a very important role in the religious, political and cultural life of medieval Serbia. The architecture of Zica, which has undergone considerable changes, belongs to the oldest school of Serbian medieval architecture. The interior fresco decoration dates from various periods.

    Day 7

    In the morning you will visit Studenica Monastery and then drive south to the oldest Christian temple, St. Peter’s Church (Petrova Crkva). Your final port of call will be the Monastery Sopocani. For your final evening you will return to Belgrade. Meals: B

    Studenica Monastery is a UNESCO world heritage sites and one of the most impressive sites in Serbia. The monastic complex consists of the fascinating Church of the Virgin (1183-1196), the Church of SS Joachim and Anne (also known as the King's Church) and the Church of St. Nicholas, a simple single-nave building. The monastery circle contains monuments raised over a period of 130 years, and several Serbian rulers had a hand in their construction. At the start of this period, the young Serbian feudal state under Nemanja was consolidating its independence, and by Milutin's reign it had reached the height of its political, cultural and economic power. The strengthening of the medieval state and of its ruler's might is naturally reflected in these monuments.

    Monastery Sopocani It is an endowment of King Uros from the 13th century, and its mural painting ranks among the most magnificent and beautiful in European medieval art. The monumentality of Sopoćani frescos, the harmony of colours, and the refinement of expression were all responsible for being granted a place on UNESCO’s World Heritage list.

    Day 8

    The final day arrives as you are transferred to Belgrade airport for your flight home. Meals: B

    Itinerary

    Day 1

    On arrival in Belgrade you will be met at the airport and transferred to your hotel in the city. Meals: N/A

    Day 2

    All day sightseeing tour in Belgrade. Overnight in Belgrade. Meals: BD

    Day 3

    In the morning you will drive north to see Krusedol, Patriarch's Palace the Cathedral. Stop to visit Petrovardin before a tour of Novi Sad. Visit Sirmium, before returning to Belgrade for the night. Meals: B

    Day 4

    Visit Smederevo before arriving to Viminacium. Next you will visit Golubac and Lepinski Vir. Overnight in Kladavo. Meals: B

    Day 5

    Visit Rajac, ruins of Gamzigrad and Zajecar. Overnight in Nis. Meals: B

    Day 6

    Explore Nis including the Nis Fortress and Mediana Palace. Then continue to Western Serbia and pay visit to Zica. Overnight in the Studenica Monastery. Meals: B

    Day 7

    Morning visit to Studenica Monastery. Drive south to St. Peter’s Church. Your final port of call will be the Monastery Sopocani. Overnight in Belgrade. Meals: B

    Day 8

    The final day arrives as you are transferred to Belgrade airport for your flight home. Meals: B

    What's included

  • Airport pick-up & drop-off
  • Ground transport
  • Accommodation
  • Entrance fees to sites
  • Breakfasts and some meals (refer to itinerary for meal plan)
  • Drivers and guides
  • Climate Care contribution
  • accommodation_img

    Places Visited
    • Belgrade
    • Krusedol Monastery
    • Petrovaradin
    • Sirmium
    • Viminacium
    • Rajac
    • Gamzigrad
    • Nis
    • Zica Monastery
    • Studenica Monastery
    • Sopocani Monastery
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